Albeit reservation has always been a controversy for India and Indians, but the 10% educational reservation quota for private institutes, recently set aside by the Ministry of HRD for economically weaker sections (EWS) of the society from the general category is a welcome move.
Following the passage of 10% reservation Bill for general category but economically weaker sections of the society, the Ministry of Human Resource Department (MHRD) announced on Wednesday that the reservation for OBC, SC, ST and economically backward classes will be extended to private institutions for the purpose of higher education. Following the footsteps of the Reservation Bill 2019, it is most likely that the central government to issue a Bill reaffirming the reservation for students of general category but belonging to economically backward classes in the private educational institutes too.
The Bill will be introduced in the upcoming budget session of the Parliament, and the decision will be made after passage in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The amendment for reservation in educational institutions was actually made 12 years ago, but reservation was not available on a mandatory basis in the private institutions. However, the Centre is quite confident that the Bill will pass the test in both houses of parliament and in that case, it will soon be applicable from coming academic year, i.e. July 2019.
However, the government might not undergo totally legislative proceedings to establish this reservation, and rather use an executive order to implement the 10% quota for the economically weaker sections aka EWS coming under the general category. In that case, approximately 40,000 colleges and 900 universities in India will be affected by the change and will have to reserve the defined quota. Besides this, the MHRD also plans to add around 25% more seats in higher educational institutions and universities in the country and the decision was taken by the government after thorough consulting sessions with officials from the ministry, UGC and the All India Council of Technical Education.