Indian Navy has been bolstering its presence in the Indian Ocean with strategic measures and deploying mission -ready defence units, and in the latest budget, the government has set aside an amount of Rs 40,000 crore for developing 6 modern home-grown submarines.
The Defense Ministry of India green-flagged the development of six submarines for Indian Navy at the meeting of Defense Acquisition Council (DAC), and has received a Rs 40,000 crore nod from the government for “Project-75I”. The passage of mega submarine sanctions will prove to be a booster for the Indian Navy’s infrastructural and defence capabilities, especially after the successful commission of an air base at Andaman and Nicobar Islands, INS Kohassa. All six submarines will be build under the “Strategic Partnership Model” aka SP model.
Dubbed as the “mother of all underwater deals”, the six submarines will be equipped with both – land-attack cruise missiles and air-independent propulsion for greater underwater endurance. The acquisition of the technology and finding a manufacturer in India, a foreign collaborator and a Indian shipyard altogether will take at least two years. So far, four ship-builders, Naval Group-DCNS (France), ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (Germany), Rosoboron Export Rubin Design Bureau (Russia) and Saab Kockums (Sweden) have responded to the requests, but the deal is yet to be finalised.
This is similar to the NUH Project that was previously approved by Defense Acquisition Council and Defense Ministry of India under the SP model, which basically envisages the domestic private defense firm will partner-up with foreign core-defense equipment manufacturers to set-up domestic production facilities of the submarines via “transfer of technology”. Under the NUH project, a total of 111 Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH) will be developed from a sanctioned budget of Rs 21,738 crore. The strategic defence advancements are meant for India to compete with countries like the US, Russia, Germany and France, who are eyeing to stitch-up allies with India for joint defence manufacturing and a way to becoming a superpower.