After introduction of the Train 18 Project, a Rs 18000 crore solar power installation project on sideways of railway tracks, and roads along Indo-China border, now the government is planning to build new expressways and greenfield roads under Bharatmala 2.0 to keep up with the trend of infrastructural advancements.
Project “Bharatmala” was approved by Union Cabinet to develop expressways and greenfield roads across major cities of the country with a target date by 2024. And following the Bharatmala phase one, the next goal will be to start off the next phase of this flagship-highway development called Bharatmala 2.0. Under this phase, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) responsible for its management the bids, preparations and implementation will build 3000 km of expressways and 4000 km of greenfield roads across India.
The Bharatmala 2.0 expressway will consist of four routes: Varanasi-Ranchi-Kolkata 650km, Indore-Mumbai 515 km, Bengaluru-Pune 745 km, and Chennai-Trichy-310 km, and as an update, these new expressways will get higher speed limits for cars of up to 120 kmph and allow uninterrupted traffic flow. The project will have 44 new economic corridors and greenfield like Jhansi-Raipur, Solapur-Belgaum, Patna-Rourkela, Gorakhpur-Bareilly, Bengaluru-Kadappa-Vijayawada, and Varanasi-Gorakhpur will sum up the entire project. The Bharatmala 2.0 will be build using private investments worth Rs 1 lakh crore, as well as Toll Operate Transfer funds worth Rs 34,000 crore.
The priority will be to make a detailed reports in advance for phase 2 and avoid situations where the DPRs for phase 1 took almost 2 years, as per Highway Ministry. Also, to preserve nature and avoid long clearance time, NHAI has advised to avoid aligning roads through national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Other features like VRUs, for via-viaduct-crossing-facility, longitudinal drives will be incorporated to avoid accidents between slow and local traffic and fast commuters, and provide an ultimate transportation experience.