China has been running short in managing their carbon emission targets and to overcome that, the Chinese are planning to capture millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide which is generated by its energy and steel industries.
China heavily depends on coal for electricity generation which is one of the world’s top environmental challenges. China is simultaneously the world’s leader in renewable electricity capacity and the world’s largest emitter of energy-related carbon dioxide, with around half of these emissions coming from coal-fired power stations. Being in coherence with the carbon emission limit and reducing greenhouse gas emissions while expanding electricity use seems unachievable. And to add to that, half of the world’s steel is made in China and emissions which results to contribution of about a quarter of all global carbon dioxide emissions.
And this is exactly why the industrialists of China are holding talks with Australian experts in Beijing this week on the introduction of carbon capture and storage technology which will help the country meet carbon emission targets. And they are building Asia’s first commercial carbon capture and storage project whose construction has already begun and is called Yanchang Integrated Carbon Capture and Storage Project.
Yanchang will be set to function in 2018 and will be able to capture 410,000 tonnes of carbon a year from a coal-to-gas plant in Shaanxi province which is the country’s coal heartland. The CO2 will be captured from one of its chemical works and transporting it to a nearby oilfield where it will be injected into the rocks to release and replace “trapped” oil. So basically they will pump millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide into the grounds to extract oil. Proponents tout this enhanced oil recovery (EOR) method of carbon storage as a win-win, from both an emissions and commercial perspective.