The dollar hit a one-month high against a basket of currencies on Thursday, underpinned by hopes that U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration may be making progress on tax reforms.
The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of six major currencies, rose 0.2 percent to 93.575. It touched a high of 93.613 at one point, its strongest level since Aug. 23. Trump on Wednesday proposed the biggest U.S. tax overhaul in three decades, offering to cut taxes for most Americans but prompting criticism that the plan favours the rich and companies and could add trillions of dollars to the deficit. The proposal faces an uphill battle in the U.S. Congress, with Trump’s own Republican Party divided over it and Democrats hostile. But the unveiling of the plan, coupled with upbeat U.S. durable goods orders, helped give an added lift to the greenback, which has benefited from rekindled expectations that the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates again by year-end.
“I think the market’s views toward the U.S. had become too pessimistic,” said Masashi Murata, currency strategist for Brown Brothers Harriman in Tokyo. “That view is being re-assessed and bond yields are rising so dollar-buying could continue for a while,” Murata said. The greenback’s rise gained renewed momentum in Thursday’s Asian trade as U.S. bond yields pushed higher. The U.S. 10-year Treasury yield rose to 2.344 percent at one point on Thursday, its highest level since mid-July.
Including Wednesday’s move, the U.S. 10-year yield has risen more than 11 basis points — putting it on track for its biggest two-day rise in nearly seven months. The movement in U.S. Treasuries probably gained steam due to stop-loss selling, said Satoshi Okagawa, senior global markets analyst for Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation in Singapore.