Besides, those found propagating hatred on people struggling with such diseases is supposed to be punished with imprisonment of not less than 90 days and that could be extended to two years, with extended time and upto Rs One lakh rupees fine. President Pranab Mukherjee has recently given nod to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017, officials said today.
President Pranab Mukherjee has recently given nod towards the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017, officials said today.
A bill in this regard was passed in Lok Sabha on April 11. The Rajya Sabha had passed the balance on March 21.
The brand new law provisions to guard the house and rights of HIV positive people. Those found disclosing HIV positive status of a person will probably be punishable by a maximum fine of Rs. 1 lakh.
The Act prohibits any form of discrimination against persons struggling with HIV or AIDS in employment, educational institutions and in providing health care services.
Such people shall never be discriminated against while living or leasing property, standing for public or private office, and for provision of insurance (unless predicated on actuarial studies). The actuarial studies apply mathematical and statistical solutions to assess risk in insurance.
“Every protected person (HIV positive) shall have the right to reside in the shared household, the right not to be excluded from the shared household or any part of it and the right to enjoy and use the facilities of such shared household in a non-discriminatory manner,” this new law says.
The Act provides that no HIV test, medical treatment or research are going to be conducted on a person without his informed consent.
“No person shall be compelled to disclose his HIV status except by an order of the court that the disclosure of such information is necessary for the interest of justice for the determination of issues in the matter before it,” it said.
The Act mandates central and state governments to take all steps – including diagnostic facilities relating to HIV or AIDS – because it deems required and convenient for the prevention of such diseases.
With the inputs of PTI.