The government of India has been running campaigns to save electricity by stressing to make only needful use of electricity until now. As of now, the union power ministry has come up with a new mission which aims at saving electricity by setting the temperature level of air conditioners (ACs) at optimum levels.
In order to give shape to this mission, the power ministry has advised the AC manufacturers to keep a default temperature setting at 24 degrees Celsius in the new AC machines that it will produce. Considering the seriousness of this issue in order to save power supply at the national level, the government may make these settings compulsory at a future stage. The union power minister R.K Singh called up a meeting wherein he advised the AC manufacturers to set labels on ACs indicating optimum temperature levels in the range of 24 to 26 degrees Celsius as a step towards consumer awareness. Moreover, the government is also planning to send an advisory to manufacturers and big enterprises with respect to power savings.
Although, this may seem to be a small step in the direction of power savings, it can make a huge difference in the electricity consumed if all the AC users implement this practice and set the temperature level of their AC to optimum. In the words of union power minister, “Every one degree increase in the air-conditioner temperature setting results in saving of 6 per cent of electricity consumed.” Countries like Japan have already adopted this measure and placed a regulation to keep the default AC temperature at 28 degree Celsius. As per the government statement, “If all the consumers adopt, this will result in savings of 20 billion units of electricity in one year alone.”
According to the figures given by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, as per the current market trends, the total connected load due to air conditioners in India by 2030 will be 200 GW. There are all possible chances that this figure might increase significantly as only 6 per cent of households in India are using ACs at present. A report from International Energy Agency (IEA) stated that there has been a 15 fold increase in the energy consumed for cooling in India since 1990. However, against all odds, setting optimum temperature levels while using ACs is one of the easiest and most effective ways which government can take and people can implement in order to save substantially on power supply needed to keep India cool.