The mercury levels are peaking up each year, as if it is some kind of competition between summers of each year and are trying to beat up the previous year’s highest temperature record. Thanks to global warming and thanks to us for the oh-so-hot (not in a good way!) place to live in.

And at 45 degrees, our human bodies tend to get affected by the fierce brutal heat and we call it heat stroke. So how to save yourselves from heat stroke and what to do if you get hit by one? Well, you’ve come to the right place because they say it, nothing teaches us more than self-experience and that is why I am here to talk about it.

So first, let’s try to prevent it and I am gonna go ahead and babble away the preeminent cliché – Prevention is better than cure, always. So to bail out of catching heat stroke, the easiest solution is to avoid going out at the peak afternoon hours when the temperature out there is likely to roast and toast you. But I understand that many of us don’t really have an option, so make sure to stay hydrated. Please drink a lot of water or rather any liquid you’d like to. I cannot emphasis it more! Then make sure to get yourself covered and prefer travelling through car rather than the ‘open source’ two wheel vehicles.

Now if you really have no option other than going out in sun, beware of sudden temperature variation! You absolutely should avoid directly going out into sun from an air-conditioned place because your body needs little time to adapt to the new temperature, so make a smooth transition. If you know that you have to go out, turn off your AC 5-10 minutes before you leave and you are good to go. Same applies when you come from sunny outside, don’t jump in and turn your AC on right away, wait for a while and transition. This might sound dire but it is very important to avoid heat stroke.

Even after taking all these precautions, if you still get affected by the brutality of sun, then first you have to know how to know that you might have hit by it. There are a number of symptoms and never ignore these, like never! It all starts simple with a mild headache and little bit of dizziness, which eventually adds up and turns into a severe headache and nauseousness. Mild to extreme fever which implies chills even while everyone else may be sweating is one of the common symptom. Apart from that, no or very low sweating which is the result of low water intake aka dehydration is the most unique sign and you might also feel weakness as well as confusion and tough to make interactions. If you feel all these at once, you should know what to do about it and here’s what you should.

First things first, get yourself warm and cozy if you are getting extreme chills. Next – get hydrated, but make sure you don’t drink anything sugary because sugar hinders the absorption capacity of any drink and it is pretty much wasted away rather than hydrating you. The best fluids are those that leave the stomach fast and contain little sodium and some sugar. You can add Oral Re-hydration Solution to water which contains a wide and rich amount of necessary salts and electrolytes which are very important in retaining fluid level of body. To cure high fever, consult your physician and ask for suggestions; you can also soothe it by cold compress. Apply cold compress directly over the forehead or the nape of the neck to be very effective in reducing fever. Next up, make sure to rest well, eat nutritious yet healthy food and avoid spicy food for a day or two. You do not want to keep yourself hydrated by drinking lot of water and stay in a cold temperature place while avoiding going out in heat.

Some are lucky enough to catch up the milder strokes which might last for a day or two while those who are less fortunate may be laid up by heat exhaustion or devastated by heat stroke. But the key here is really drinking enough water, if you drink just when you are thirty because you are dehydrated already. Thirst is not a good guide for when to drink water. In fact, in hot and humid conditions, you may be so dehydrated by the time you become thirsty that you will have trouble catching up with your fluid losses. So with these little care and efforts, you can enjoy the holiday season. Happy Summers to you.

P.S.: You must consult physician before taking any medications or before following any of the above methods.