NASA is known for its super-ambitious projects and here is the latest stellar goal to add in the stack of space targets – making oxygen on Mars which will add up to the already-very-ambitious ‘Mars Exploration Program 2020’.
We humans have dreamed, fantasised and tried to colonise on a world beyond Earth – there is something about the space that is so very intriguing and it is an endless pool of discoveries. To devour the curiosity of living on the nearest planet from Earth – the arid red neighbour named Mars, NASA is planning to produce oxygen in the atmosphere of Mars and if successful, it will be the very beginning of human life on the red planet. In the next robot clad mission to Mars which is scheduled in 2020, scientists will send microbial life like – algae or bacteria in the 2020 Rover mission, with a hope that it will create the life-supporting oxy-rich air.
Rover 2020 mission is actually designed to find out the proof that some life existed on Mars in ancient ages and for this, NASA will be using the same technique used to find the oldest life on Earth. This technique is called ‘spatial resolved bio-signature analysis’, which is capable of mapping very small composites too. During this, by incorporating and adapting microorganisms on Martian soil, scientists hope that they will be able to pump out oxygen as a by-product. And if this experiment is successful, then oh boy, are we already on our way to Mars with all our suitcases or what!
If successful, this will be a major, major step which will take is so close to making Mars habitable for earthlings in future. NASA is also planning to develop a magnetic shield in regions of Mars to save the ‘Martians’ from harsh atmosphere and is also looking forward towards installing an atomic reactor. At present, Mars has just 0.13% oxygen in its atmosphere and here on Earth, we enjoy the bounty of 21% oxygen – we just need to up the level of oxygen by 20.87%; and a lot of other things, but oxygen is very important factor.