Russia, Turkey and Iran has signed a memorandum on Thursday to create four “de-escalation zones” in Syria, to reduce bloodshed in a war now in its seventh year. The four safe zones will be created across the north, central, and southern parts of Syria which will prove to be a major advancement in the ongoing civil war.
Russia released the memorandum Thursday at peace talks in Astana, Kazakhstan. Russia and Iran are allied with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey is allied with some of the rebel groups fighting against Assad and by signing the memorandum, the three countries aim to build safe zones in the war-torn country. Theoretically, safe zones offer refuge and humanitarian aid to displaced people who are trying to flee violence. But what actually happens it, in the inhumanely disintegrated strategies of war and conflict, the ‘safe zones’ become easy targets and actually cause increment in violence. So it is still a question as of now about how the three nations are planning to monitor the ‘de-escalation’ zones.
Keeping in mind that the Assad government is capable of intervening military at any moment, many fear that the safe zones carries little weight and practicality. And history has generally taught that the safe zones aren’t really safe, especially when it looks like it is not about protecting. In contrast to the few ‘critics’, UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura stated the memorandum to be an ‘important’, ‘promising’ and ‘positive’ step in the right direction.
Russian leader Aleksandr Lavrentyev said that Russia will be sending observers to the newly created safe zones and is planning to ‘work more closely’ in alliance with United States and Saudi Arabia to attain peace in Syria and the memorandum will be effective from Saturday. The US State Department had appreciated the efforts of Turkish and Russian Federation on pursuing the agreement but was skeptic about involving Iran as a guarantor. While this seems to be a slightly cynical approach to bring ‘peace’ in Syria, the bigger and foremost dare is to make these three countries work together.