The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has urged the Myanmar government to develop more conductive and secure conditions in the country for safe and dignified return of the Rohingyas who have currently taken refuge in neighbouring state of Bangladesh.

On Wednesday, the UNSC released the final statement derived from the fact-finding mission that was launched from April 28 to May 1 – by the ambassadors of the council to gather facts about Myanmar and Bangladesh regarding the Rohingya issue. In the statement, the UNSC mentioned that during the crisis in Myanmar since April this year, forced exodus of a total of 7,00,000 Rohingyas was done and they flocked up as refugees to Banglades’ Cox’s Bazar. When the team of ambassadors of the UNSC visited the refuge areas in Bangladesh, they found that millions had settled in overcrowded camps and their living conditions were extremely miserable.

Council members said that “in light of the importance of undertaking transparent investigations into allegations of human rights abuses and violations, urge the government of Myanmar to fulfil, based on respect for the rule of law, its stated commitment to holding accountable perpetrators of violence.” The UNSC held a meeting highlighting the statement of the fact-finding mission and urged Myanmar to “step up its efforts to create conditions conducive to the safe, voluntary, and dignified return of Rohingya refugees” to their homes in Rakhine state. The UNSC also asked the Myanmar government to implement these actions as soon as possible, keeping its urgency in mind.

However, the Myanmar government still maintains that the military operation in Rakhine is aimed at rooting out extremists and has rejected accusations from the United Nations, Britain, France and the United States of “ethnic cleansing”. Speaking against this, the British-drafted text, backed by France and the United States, said council members were “struck by the scale of the humanitarian crisis and remain gravely concerned by the current situation.” To take proper actions on this, the United Nation Security Council will discuss its mission to Myanmar on Monday with and hope to resolve the crisis.