Australia’s iconic Great Barrier Reef, which is being destroyed by two totally different things: changing patterns of temperature of water because of global warming and second is the coral-munching marine pest known as crown-of-thorns starfish.

The Great Barrier Reef is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of world, located in Australia, it is the largest coral reef which is made of over 2900 coral reefs and 900 islands stretching over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres. Located in the Coral Sea off the coasts of Queensland, the reef is very popular destination for tourists and houses most beautiful marine creatures and corals in the whole world. But the natural beauty is under threat since few years because of the changing patterns of temperature and climate due to global warming.

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Another major battle, the coral reef is fighting with is the growth of the marine pest which is a marine coral eating creature. Until now, special chemicals have been employed to try and fight back against the pest without damaging the UNESCO World Heritage site. But a study from James Cook University shows that common vinegar could work just as well.

A 20ml dose of white vinegar, when injected into the base of the starfish arm, can kill it within 48 hours and disintegrate the body with no harmful effects on any other marine wildlife. Although diving in the ocean and injecting each starfish with vinegar before it dies and breaks-up is a very tough and tedious task, but the labour-intensive job is still far more efficient than extracting them from the water before killing them.

There are millions of crown-of-thorns starfishes which have munched down more than 50% of the total corals in the great reef and each female starfish produced around 65 million eggs in a single breeding season, they have and are spreading in outrageous and uncontrollable manner and it will take massive efforts to try and cull each individual pest, but with sustained efforts, the World Heritage site can be saved.

Remember all the beautiful underwater coral images you see on National Geographic or Discovery or Animal planet? Or probably is your desktop wallpaper? Yeah, it is likely that the picture might have taken at the Great Barrier Reef of Australia and we really hope that the natural beauty is rescued as soon as possible.