New Delhi: Beating USA by numbers of internet users in a single nation, India is now all set to upgrade its Internet speed by ISRO’s new communication satellite.

Speaking to TOI, Isro chairman Kiran Kumar said, “We will launch three communication satellites. GSAT-19 in June and GSAT-11 and GSAT-20 thereafter. GSAT-19 will be launched by GSLVMk III, Isro’s next-generation launch vehicle boosted by an indigenous cryogenic engine that is capable of carrying a four-tonne satellite to the geosynchronous transfer orbit. These satellites will use multiple spot beams (a special kind of transponder that operates at a high frequency) that will increase internet speed and connectivity. These multiple spot beams will cover the entire country.”

A micro level beam is the key player to make signals more powerful and covers the limited geographical region on earth. Narrower the ‘beams’, more is the power. Placed satellite will use broad single beam to cover wide area.

Tapan Misra, director of Ahmedabad-based Space Application Centre, “These new satellites, once operational, will be capable of providing high-quality internet, phone and video services.”

According to him, GSAT-19 will send 4 times of more data per second than earlier launched satellites.

“GSAT-11, which is heavier than GSAT-19, will be launched by the year-end and will use 16 beams. It will be able to transfer data at the rate of 13 gigabytes per second. GSAT-20, whose launch is set at the end of 2018, will use 40 beams. Each beam will have two polarisations, which will effectively make them 80 beams. This satellite will have data rate of 60-70 gigabytes/sec,” he said.

The number of internet consumers in India will raise to 450-465 million by coming June, which is 4-8% up from 432 million in December 2016, according to a report from the Internet and Mobile Association of India.

Just 4.1 mbps average speed, India was amongst the 105th country in the rank of internet speed provided by a US-based cloud service provider.

India is way behind South Korea (the leader with 26.3 Mbps) and Hong Kong ( 20 Mbps), Sri Lanka (6 Mbps), Vietnam (6.3 Mbps) and China (5.7 Mbps).

The three satellites will be the game-changer for India.

(This article was originally published by TOI.)